An unlimited, arid state on the sting of the Sahara desert, Niger fell sufferer to a collection of coups and political instability following independence from France in 1960.
In the present day the nation struggles with frequent droughts, a jihadist insurgency, and poverty. Niger is betting on elevated oil exploration and gold mining to assist modernise its financial system.
The US has a major navy presence to fight jihadists.
President: Mohamed Bazoum
Former inside minister Mohamed Bazoum was sworn in as president in April 2021, in Niger’s first democratic switch of energy since independence in 1960.
His most rapid precedence is the lethal jihadist insurgency inflicting chaos within the west of the nation and throughout the broader Sahel area.
Radio is a key information supply and native privately-owned stations function alongside the nationwide state broadcaster.
Many media shops battle to outlive financially. Journalists face difficulties, together with detention or prosecution over crucial reporting.
Round 10% of residents are on-line.
Some key occasions in Niger’s historical past:
1890 – France occupies Niger.
1960 – Niger turns into impartial, however a extreme drought devastates the nation, which enters a interval of political instability and coups.
1990 – A rise up begins in northern Niger.
2010 – A brand new structure designed to revive civilian rule accepted in referendum; Mahamadou Issoufou turns into president in 2011.