Tunisia was as soon as an necessary participant within the Mediterranean, due to its location within the centre of North Africa, near important transport routes.
French colonial rule led to 1956, and Tunisia was led for 3 many years by Habib Bourguiba, who superior secular concepts, foremost of which was the emancipation of girls.
Mass protests unseated President Ben Ali in 2011, within the first of a sequence of well-liked uprisings to brush the area, however President Kais Saied sought to re-impose features of authoritarian rule in 2022.
President: Kais Saied
Retired legislation professor Kais Saied received a landslide victory over media mogul Nabil Karoui within the October 2019 presidential election run-off. Saied, who campaigned on an anti-corruption platform, and appealed on to younger voters.
In 2021 he carried out a sequence of measures to boost the facility of the presidency on the expense of parliament and the judiciary.
Opposition events boycotted the 2022 parliamentary elections, accusing the president of staging a coup after shutting parliament in 2021 and giving himself virtually limitless govt powers.
The Tunisian media now get pleasure from better freedom than earlier than the 2011 well-liked revolt.
Social media performed a key position within the rebellion.
Some key dates in Tunisia’s historical past:
600s – Arabs conquer the territory of present-day Tunisia.
1534-1574 – Ottomans wrestle for management of Tunis with Spanish forces, earlier than lastly reconquering Tunis in 1574. Tunisia turns into in impact an autonomous province of the Ottoman empire.
1881 – French troops occupy Tunis. France controls financial and international affairs; Tunisia is a French protectorate from 1883.
1934 – Habib Bourguiba founds the pro-independence Neo-Dustour Social gathering
1942 – World Conflict Two: German troops arrive to withstand allied forces in Algeria. Allied forces defeat German and Italian troops in Might 1943.
1956 – Tunisia turns into unbiased with Habib Bourguiba as prime minister.
1957 – Tunisia change into s a republic.
1987 – Bourguiba declared unfit to rule and Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali assumed the presidency
2011 – Tunisian revolution. Mass protests drive President Ben Ali into exile, inspiring different Arab Spring uprisings.
2015 – Assaults geared toward international vacationers killing 22 individuals on the Bardo Nationwide Museum, and later 38 individuals on the Sousse beachfront.
2021 – President Kais Saied imposes presidential rule, dismissing the prime minister and withdrew immunity of parliament members.undermining the authority of parliament.